The first few minutes of a medical emergency are critical. This is why proper care should be immediately provided to prevent any further complications, some examples include heart failure, drowning, traumas, and other respiratory issues. So for those working in the healthcare industry, any innovation that can speed up emergency responses is welcomed to be tried and tested.
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or colloquially known as drones are currently being studied to serve in the medical field. Drones have become a novelty nowadays, with a lot of hobbyists using them for both aerial photography and filmography. But for the folks over at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), they have seen a greater purpose for these portable aircraft, as they are looking to use them in order to increase response time.
Drones in Medical Emergencies
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For Fire Chief Darryl Kerley, the use of drones will have a positive impact for firefighters looking to respond quickly to emergencies.
“It can save thousands of dollars in equipment costs,” Kerley added. “But the savings to risk to our firefighters is almost unmeasurable.” The Oak Ridge Fire Department took around two years to finally get to fly drones for emergency.
The researchers at ORNL have highlighted the benefit of flying unmanned aerial systems in similar situations as well. According to director of the UAS Research Center, Richard Lusk, the most dramatic benefit of drones lies with hazmat situations.
“You don’t have to put a man in a hazmat suit and send him down range and in danger with a detector,” Lusk said. “These sensors are sensors more than just 4k or HD cameras. You could put heat sensors on them. You could put chemical sensors, radiological sensors on them. Pressure sensors.”
The use of drones may also mean big savings for several first responder teams. For example, hazmat situations call for at least 17 personnel on the scene. Each hazmat suit is priced at an average of $1,000, while air packs and radios would total to $12,000 per person.
2015 Tennessee Train Derailment
Back on July 2, 2015, a CSX Transportation freight train carrying hazardous materials was derailed at Maryville, Tennesse. The train had been making its from Cincinnati to Waycross when the accident occurred. One freight car had been carrying acrylonitrile, a reactive and toxic compound, while others were carrying LPG. At least three of these rail cars were said to have caught fire, prompting authorities to evacuate people living within a mile of the site. The aftermath was grim. At least 52 people were injured by inhaling fumes, while 25 individuals including 7 police officers were hospitalized.
Lusk had said that the use of drones could have reduced the risk of chemical exposure at that time.
“You can put these up and cover a mile or two very quickly,” Lusk said. “Then locate that and feed that information back to a command center, which could then say this is where the dangerous chemicals are and set up a perimeter and start doing things right away. I mean, within minutes.”
The team is currently overseeing the functions of drones in search and rescue missions in the future. According to ORNL technical liaison Ken Woodworth, the drones should be able to use their sensors to check for body heat. That way, people can still be identified even in total darkness.
Other Industry Benefits
Drones are looking to benefit other industry sectors in the state as well. In Tennessee, one of the most well-known businesses involve agriculture. Farmers can now survey their lands without the need to invest in airplanes or helicopters once they apply drone technology.
In the future, ORNL is hoping to roll out drones for other local agencies. But this plan can only unfold should the right budget be prepared. It is safe to say that possibilities presented by drones are endless, so it will only take a matter of time before other industries could follow suit.